Cyber security threats are becoming a cause of concern for most of the countries across the world. India is more vulnerable to such threats because there is no robust cyber security infrastructure.
Big countries like USA and China are already indulged in cyber warfare and thus, they have developed strong defensive capabilities to fight such cyber attacks. But there is no cyber warfare policy in India. Of late, India formulated the National Cyber Security Policy in 2013, but according to cyber security experts it is weak on numerous aspects.
When government is trying to digitize most of its official work, frequent attacks on government websites is a cause of concern. Some initiatives have been taken to stop such attacks but they are not effective enough to stop new and sophisticated malwares.
It will be foolhardy to remain ignorant about the intensity of such threats when country has already launched mega projects like Aadhar and collected huge amount of data in digital form. New Government’s projects like Digital India and Pradhanmantri Jan Dhan Yojna are expected to make more services available through online media. This will lead to increase in online financial transactions and more risks to customers from hackers. Apart from this, other critical infrastructure like missiles , satellites , banks etc are also at risk.
Cyber security is an international issue. Last year’s case of US snooping into other countries’ sensitive data was a serious threat to internet freedom. Just because US is the largest internet service provider, it has no right to spy on other countries’ private matters. This needs to be checked through global pressure.
At present, India is dependent on developed countries for high end cyber security technology. Last year, UK and France proposed to amend Wassenaar arrangement and include cyber security technologies in it. Wassenaar arrangement is not a treaty and hence its not legally binding, but if it is amended so by a collective decision of member countries, these technologies will come under export control regime and non member countries like India wont be able to procure them.
Also, Indian Computer Emergency Response Team ( CERT ) had reported that cyber security softwares supplied to India were tweaked and prone to hacking. Thus, India needs to invest in RnD and develop its own cyber security technology.
Recently, Government decided to create a National Cyber Coordination centre(NCCC), which is meant to watch the traffic flowing through the country’s Internet pipes. It will help India to fight against domestic or international attacks on its infrastructure. Its a welcome step to bolster the rapidly changing cyber landscape of India.